IDRIP IRRIGATION FOR PEACH TREES

Cultural background, origin and dissemination

The peach tree belongs to the Rosaceae family and the subfamily Prunoideae (like the cherry, apricot, plum and almond tree). According to the most recent research into its origins, it most likely originated in the Far East, presumably from China. Until recently, it was believed that the plant came instead from Persia, hence the name: Prunus persica.

Characteristics of the species

The peach tree reaches heights of around 5-6 metres, but this can differ significantly depending on the rootstock used. The light green or even dark green leaves originate from a short peduncle, with a lanceolate shape and toothed margin, glossy on the upper side and with a maximum length of 15 cm.

Flowering occurs in the spring before the leaves develop; the flowers are pinkish-white to deep pink in colour. The peach fruit is a drupe, orange-red, red or white in colour or with various shades depending on the variety. The outer skin can be glabrous or tomentose.

The inner flesh is juicy and crunchy, but this will also depend on the variety; in some it is soft. Inside the fruit there is a large, dark brown stone (endocarp) which is usually attached to the pulp.

Climatic requirements

The peach tree, thanks to the wide range of rootstocks available today, adapts well to different types of soil. The best results are obtained on loose soils rich in organic substance; soils that are too compact and lead to water stagnation, those that are too acid and too limey should be excluded.

The ideal soil pH should be neutral or slightly alkaline with values between 7 and 8; this factor also depends on the rootstock used, sub-acidic values between 6.5 and 7 are tolerated.

The plant is extremely resistant to low temperatures: in the dormant period it tolerates peaks below -11/-13°C. On the other hand, late frosts in the flowering phase are extremely damaging. The ideal cultivation area should be characterised by a temperate climate with an average level of humidity which is not too high.

Irrigation and water stress

Irrigation plays a key role in peach farming, which is usually in loose soil. Irrigation induces greater plant growth and earlier fruit set in the growing phase with a clear impact on increased production yields (larger size and number of fruits) especially when applied to cultivars late in the ripening phase.

The annual water requirement of peach trees is between 5000 and 6000 m3/ha. Once again this depends on the cultivation area, seasonal climate, soil type and plant genetics (rootstock and cultivated variety).

The best irrigation system for peach trees is undoubtedly the drip-drip system as it allows irrigation to be divided according to the phenological phases of the plant and fertigation to be combined with irrigation.

In addition, drip irrigation allows for controlled management of irrigation, e.g. by applying a deficit irrigation regime: for all early maturing cultivars, controlled water stress is less difficult to apply in the post-harvest phase.

Irrigation and fertirrigation

For peach tree irrigation, Irritec proposes its drip lines with and integrated dripper, either normal (Tandem or Junior) or pressure-compensating (Multibar C or Multibar F) or even the iDrop Tube + Dripline system which allows the drip points to be located close to the plant, increasing their number as the plant grows.

The way in which the drip lines are laid depends very much on the type of peach orchard (form of cultivation, presence of tutors and/or mulch fabric, soil management).

Another option for increasing the quality of the system is sub-irrigation systems (Rootguard system). These increase water efficiency and offer additional agronomic benefits to the crop.

The action of these devices (in sub-irrigation or with classic drippers) is enhanced further by the synergic use of fertigation entrusted to rational injection systems such as Dosabox Junior Advanced, capable of dosing the mineral substance while avoiding waste and dangerous salinisation of farmland.

Peach Trees Coltivation - Drip irrigation system Irritec

A practical example of how to drip irrigate peach trees

Peach Trees Drip irrigation system Irritec

Here are the Irritec products you need to drip irrigate peach tree

1

MULTIBAR™ C AND IDROP

The characteristics of the inline (Multibar C) and online (iDrop PC) pressure compensating dripper make them ideal for installations in areas with large differences in ground level, where extremely long line lengths and constant flow rates are required in every portion of the system and high delivery precision typical of high-quality crops.

Multibar and idrop driplines for peach trees Irritec

2

PIPELINES IN PE AND CONNECTO™

The Connecto™ line of compression fittings for the conveying pressurised fluids, particularly suitable for irrigation and gardening systems, is characterised by its great speed and ease of assembly.

Pipes for Irrigation - Peach Tree - Irritec

3

METAL FILTERS

Irritec® metal filters are robust and durable. They can manage a wide range of flow rates. Manual or automatic models are available for canal and well water applications.

filtration system for peach trees

4

FERTIGATION

Irritec® injection systems are reliable and easy to use. They allow the injection of fertilisers (liquid or diluted in water) at rates of between 150 l/h and 1700 l/h (depending on the model).

Fertigation system for peach tree Irritec

5

DRIPLINE FITTINGS AND BRANCHES

Complete range for connecting tape, light and classic dripline, available in sizes 16, 20, 22, 23, 25 and 29 mm.

DRIPLINE FITTINGS AND BRANCHES FOR PEACH TREEA

Discover how to irrigate others crops

Irritec wants to make life easier for those who take care of the plants, for work and for passion. We aim to ensure that every drop is spent as well as possible, minimizing the ecological footprint.

Agronomic Irritec Team support the farmer also on after-sale and installation, with continuous assistance and efficiency control. Continuous attention to the customer needs to provide succesful and sustainable solution with an efficience service.